It may be
affecting 25-30% of the world population, but non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
(NAFLD) has a greater bearing on India with close to 40% of its population
suffering from the disease. It is caused by the storage of extra fat in the
In up to 30%
of cases, fatty liver can damage liver over time and the disease advances through
three stages - first liver becomes swollen damaging its tissues, secondly, it
leads to scar tissues or fibrosis and thirdly cirrhosis occurs.
occasion of the International NASH (nonalcoholic steatohepatitis) Day on June 9,
experts said that altering lifestyle can dramatically prevent and control the
“Intake of high-calorie
food and sedentary lifestyle are contributory factors for the disease. So
dealing with metabolic factors is indeed important in the fight against the disease,”
said an expert adding it should not be ignored considering a benign condition.
A healthy diet, organized lifestyle and regular exercise can combat it
are predisposed to this condition genetically but lifestyle issues like overweight,
diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia (deranged blood lipids) are the main
risk factors for fatty liver.
symptoms may be slow to be evident, blood tests, ultrasound scanning can reveal
its presence. Fatty liver can also lead to cardiovascular disease, chronic
kidney disease, bone loss, obstructed sleep apnoea and cancers of various