New Delhi: After strictly implementing the lockdown measures, many countries like India are gradually easing restrictions and reopening their economies. However, with vaccine still months away, people need to live a new normal.
must change the virus, or we must change ourselves; changing the virus is going
to take time...Meanwhile, we can change ourselves to face the pandemic,” Prof K
Vijay Raghavan, Principal Scientific Advisor to the Government of India, told the
India Science Wire.
Prof Raghavan shared five tips to ‘living with the virus’:-
Wear a mask
when you step out of houses
studies have found that when a person speaks, about 1000 tiny droplets of
saliva come out. If that person happens to be infected with novel coronavirus,
then each of these droplets will carry thousands of germs. Large droplets will
fall off the ground, usually within one-metre distance. However, the plum of
tiny droplets can float in the air for a longer time, mainly if the area is not
well ventilated. Many people who are infected by the virus do not show any
symptoms. Therefore, they may not even be aware that they are affected. Wearing
a mask protects not only us but others as well, if we are infected.
vigilant hand hygiene
of 75,465 COVID-19 cases in China by a WHO-led study shows that novel
coronavirus is primarily transmitted between people through respiratory
droplets and contact routes. Thus, the COVID-19 virus can be transmitted when
one comes into direct contact with infected people or when we touch surfaces in
the immediate environment or objects used by the infected person (e.g., door
handle and washroom tap). Our normal urge is to reach our face. When we wash
our hands thoroughly with soap for at least thirty seconds, the virus, if any,
on our hands is destroyed.
the infection happens through direct contact or inhaling the droplets shed by
an infected person. Droplets in usual conditions travel about a metre from the
infected person. Keeping a distance of
one metre from one another in markets, offices, and public transport would
effective way in containing the virus spread is to identify proximal contacts
of infected persons and shift them to quarantine at the earliest. Only an
infected person can transmit the virus to others or contaminate a surface and
spread the virus. If most of the infected persons are identified, then
controlling the transmission of the virus becomes easy.
that people who have been identified as positive cases should be isolated and
extended proper medical attention. As they remain isolated, an infected person
cannot spread the virus to others. The tentacles of the infection can be cut.
“If one can
do this with high speed the last one and follow all the others, then we can
have a semblance of a normal life while we wait to do something for drugs and
vaccine. If we don’t do any of these things and if we slip up on any one of
these, then we will have a problem,” said Prof. Raghavan.