Nov 22: Infection continues to be the greatest cause of mortality worldwide while
a new Lancet study has reported that at least 6.8 lakh deaths in India were
caused by five bacteria in 2019.
These are E.
coli, along with S. pneumoniae, K. pneumoniae, S. aureus, and A. baumanii. In
India, E. Coli alone caused nearly 1.6 lakh deaths in 2019.
bacterial infections (both resistant and susceptible to antimicrobials) across
the 11 infectious syndromes caused 77 lakh deaths globally.
study stated that "the 33 bacterial pathogens that we investigated in this
study are a substantial source of health loss globally, with considerable
variation in their distribution across infectious syndromes and locations"
they should be considered an urgent priority for intervention within the global
health community. Strategies to address the burden of bacterial infections
include infection prevention, optimised use of antibiotics, improved capacity
for microbiological analysis, vaccine development, and improved and more
pervasive use of available vaccines," the scientists noted.
techniques from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study
(GBD) 2019 and a portion of the input data described in the Global Burden of
Antimicrobial Resistance 2019 study, the researchers calculated the number of
deaths related to 33 bacterial genera or species across 11 infectious syndromes